Over the last five years, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has started to trickle into our everyday business and personal lives and is no longer the sole preserve of Hollywood.

In the broadest sense, Artificial Intelligence is when a machine imitates the cognitive processes associated with the human mind. Some human thought processes commonly associated with AI are learning, planning, reasoning and problem-solving. Some common examples of AI in our world today include human speech recognition, high-level strategic games, autonomous transport, military simulations, and interpreting complex data.

AI has existed as an academic discipline since the mid-1950s, when a group of scientists programmed computers with the reasoning skills to beat humans at checkers and solve logical problems. However, while it continued to advance, AI research never really advanced into the public consciousness u